Plant family: Labiatae (Mint family)
Part used: leaf
Taste: spicy, aromatic
Historical commentary: The herb was long used as a digestive aid, but its unique property was as a tonic to the mental functions, acting as a stimulant and to improve memory.
Sedative: for nervous tension.
Digestive aid: relieves gas and bloating (carminative), improves appetite and alleviates gastric insufficiency and distress (stomachic).
Analgesic: alleviates headaches and stomach pains.
Modern findings: Rosemary has been shown to contain potent antioxidants.
Dosage: 4-6 grams; lesser amounts are adequate for digestive effects when combined with other mints.
Active constituents: Several phenolic compounds are present, including phenolic acids and phenolic diterpenoids. It also contains triterpenes, such as oleanolic and ursolic acid, and flavonoids, such as luteolin, that may contribute to an anti-inflammatory action. The essential oils, mainly cineole and pinene, camphor, and borneol, are probably responsible for the carminative effects.
Cautions: None known; but the herb is not recommended for use during pregnancy due to the strong essential oil components.
Künzle Formula: Tea for Sleep.